Podcasts de história

Gustav Krupp

Gustav Krupp


We are searching data for your request:

Forums and discussions:
Manuals and reference books:
Data from registers:
Wait the end of the search in all databases.
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.

Gustav Krupp (Gustav von Bohlen) nasceu em Haia em 7 de agosto de 1870. Um diplomata alemão casou-se com Bertha Krupp, filha de Friedrich Alfred Krupp, o fabricante de armas, em outubro de 1906. Ele recebeu permissão imediata de Guilherme II para mudar seu nome para Krupp.

Krupp assumiu a direção da empresa e com a eclosão da Primeira Guerra Mundial ganhou o monopólio da fabricação de armas alemã. Ele fabricou um obuseiro de alto ângulo e calibre chamado Big Bertha (em homenagem a sua esposa). A arma que foi usada para o bombardeio da fortaleza de Liège, na Bélgica. Sua empresa também produziu o Paris Canone, o canhão de cano longo que podia disparar até 120 km de distância.

Antes da guerra, Krupp havia alugado uma patente de fusível para a empresa de armamentos britânica Vickers. Depois do Armistício, Vickers pagou a Krupp uma grande quantia em dinheiro com base no número de baixas da artilharia alemã. Isso fez com que a família Krupp fosse atacada por lucrar com os mortos de guerra da Alemanha.

Krupp foi inicialmente hostil às políticas do Partido Nazista. No entanto, após uma reunião em 20 de fevereiro de 1933, ele foi persuadido por Adolf Hitler e Hjalmar Schacht de que o governo nazista destruiria os sindicatos e a esquerda política na Alemanha. Schacht também apontou que um governo Hitler aumentaria consideravelmente os gastos com armamentos. Depois de convertido, Krupp, como presidente da Associação dos Industriais Alemães, estava em uma boa posição para encorajar outros líderes empresariais a contribuir para o fundo eleitoral de Hitler.

Em maio de 1933, Hitler nomeou Krupp como presidente do Adolf Hitler Spende, um fundo industrial administrado por Martin Bormann. O dinheiro foi para o governo nazista em troca de favores especiais para os industriais que haviam contribuído.

Como resultado dos termos do Tratado de Versalhes, Krupp voltou-se para a produção de máquinas agrícolas após a Primeira Guerra Mundial. No entanto, em 1933, ele começou a produzir tanques no que era oficialmente parte do Esquema de Trator Agrícola. Ele também construiu submarinos na Holanda e novas armas foram desenvolvidas e testadas na Suécia.

Após a eclosão da Segunda Guerra Mundial, Krupp construiu fábricas em países ocupados pela Alemanha e usou o trabalho de mais de 100.000 prisioneiros de campos de concentração. Isso incluía uma fábrica de fusíveis dentro de Auschwitz. Os presos também foram transferidos para a Silésia para construir uma fábrica de obuses. Estima-se que cerca de 70.000 dos que trabalham para a Krupp morreram devido aos métodos empregados pelos guardas dos campos.

Alfried Krupp assumiu a direção da empresa em 1943. Após a guerra, os Aliados planejaram originalmente julgar Krupp como criminoso de guerra em Nuremberg. No entanto, foi decidido que ele estava muito velho para ser julgado. Gustav Krupp morreu na Áustria em 16 de janeiro de 1950.


Gustav syntyi varakkaaseen ja tunnettuun pankkiirisukuun von Bohlen und Halbacheihin. Karlsruhelaisesta lukiosta valmistuttuaan hän aloitti lakiopinnot Heidelbergin yliopistossa, jossa suoritti korkeakoulututkinnon 1893. Hän aloitti uransa diplomaattina ja toimi saksalaisissä lähetystöissä Washington jaissa, Pequim. Hänen elämänsä muuttui vuonna 1906, sillä hän meni naimisiin suuren teollisuussuvun perijättären, 20-vuotiaan Bertha Kruppin kanssa. Isänsä Friedrich Alfredin kuoltua skandaalin pyörteissä neljä vuotta aiemmin Bertha oli perinyt koko Friedrich Krupp AG: n omistuksen. Tuolloin pidettiin täysin epäsopivana, että nainen johtaisi yhtä maan suurimmista yhtiöistä. Kruppin suku oli vaikuttanut Saksassa jo yli 400 vuotta muodostaen todellisen dynastian ja oli nyt ilman miespuolista päätä, niinpä avioliitto oli itsensä Saksan keisarin Vilhelm II järjestämä. Gustavin tuli käyttää myös Kruppin nimeä keisarin määräyksestä. Gustav Kruppista ja keisarista tuli läheiset ystävykset.

Gustav otti haltuunsa todellisen suuryrityksen, jonka tehtaita oli Berliinissä, Essenissä, Kielissä, Magdeburgissa ja joka puolella Saksaa, varsinkin teollisuuskeskittymien alueilla. Vuonna 1910 Gustav liittyi Suur-saksalaiseen liittoon (Alldeutscher Verband) Hänestä tuli liiton merkittävin taloudellinen tukija. Suur-saksalainen liitto edisti muun muassa Saksan asevoimien kasvua ajamalla sotilaallisia lakialoitteita.

Sijoitus alkoi poikia ensimmäisen maailmansodan alkaessa 1914. Tuolloin Kruppin yhtiö valmisti lähes kaikki raskaat aseet ja suuren osan niiden ammuksista Saksassa. Kruppin tuottamista aseista kuuluisin oli raskas haupitsi Dicke Bertha, Paksu-Bertta, Jonka Gustav nimesi vaimonsa mukaan. Saksan hävittyä sodan Kruppin rikastumista ja keinottelua sodan aikana kritisoitiin. Versailles’n rauhansopimuksen ehtojen vuoksi yhtiö joutui vaihtamaan asetuotannosta muun muassa maataloustyökaluihin, kulkuvälineisiin ja yleishyödykkeisiin. Krupp jatkoi kuitenkin tykkien tuotantoa hollantilaisten ja ruotsalaisten tytäryhtiöiden avulla. 1930-luvulla Krupp alkoi uudelleen panssarivaunujen ja sukellusveneiden tuotannon, jälleen tytäryhtiöiden avulla.

Saksan kansallissosialistisen työväenpuolueen nousu 1920-luvulla hermostutti Gustav Kruppia. Puolueen eri siivet ja keskushahmot kampanjoivat lähes kommunistisilla teemoilla. Valtaa ja varallisuutta tultaisiin siirtämään kansalle ja myös suuryrityksiä kansallistettaisiin. Kovimmassa työväenluokkaa kosiskelevassa propagandassaan natsit puhuivat rahamiesten tilille vaatimisesta vallankumouksen päivänä. Niinpä varsinkin oluttupavallankaappauksesta asti Gustav vastusti kiihkeästi natsien nousua. Vielä tammikuun lopulla 1933 hän yritti myös vaikuttaa presidentti Paul von Hindenburgiin, ettei tämä nimittäisi Hitleriä valtakunnankansleriksi. Toisin kuitenkin kävi, Hitler sai nimityksensä 30. tammikuuta 1933.

Kolme viikkoa myöhemmin Hjalmar Schacht järjesti kokouksen Saksan suurimpien teollisuusjohtajien kesken. Kokouksessa Hitler vakuutti, ettei demokraattisia vaaleja enää pidettäisi, ettei yrityksiä kansallistettaisi ja että asevarustelu käännettäisiin uuteen nousuun. Saksan armeijan joukkojen määrää kasvatettaisiin huomattavasti. Natsit eivät tulisi häiritsemään teollisuutta eikä liiketoimintaa. Hitler myös ajaisi radikaalit vallankumousmieliset kansallissosialistisesta puolueesta tai ainakin määräävistä asemista. Ammattijärjestöjä ja liittoja ei enää siedettäisi vaan teollisuusjohtajat tulisivat saamaan takaisin hallitsevan asemansa. Hitlerin pidettyä puheensa Gustav Krupp von Bohlen nousi ja kiitti puhujaa asioiden selkiyttämisestä. Gustav Kruppista tuli yhdessä yössä varaukseton natsien tukija ja pian myös puolueen jäsen.

Saman vuoden elokuussa Gustav Krupp saikin kunniatehtävän, hänestä tuli Adolf Hitler -rahaston hallituksen puheenjohtaja. Rahasto sai tulonsa teollisuusjohtajien kansallissosialistiselle puolueelle antamista suurista lahjoituksista. Lisäksi hänestä tuli Saksan teollisuusjohtajien yhdistyksen puheenjohtaja. Vuodesta 1933 Kruppin suku tuki myös satunnaisesti ”Heinrich Himmlerin ystävien piiriä”, rahastoa, joka tuki SS: ä.

Toisen maailmansodan sytyttyä Krupp sai käyttöönsä runsaasti keskitysleirivangeista koostuvaa työvoimaa. Kruppin työleirien olot olivat surkeita ja niissä kuoli ihmisiä jatkuvasti tauteihin, aliravitsemukseen ja kylmyyteen. Nürnbergin sotarikosoikeudenkäyntien syyttäjän arvion mukaan noin 70 000 pakkotyöläistä kuoli pelkästään Kruppin palveluksessa.

Sodan aikana Krupp valmisti tykkejä, panssarivaunuja, sukellusveneitä ja ammuksia.

Kruppin terveys alkoi heikentyä samoihin aikoihin, kun sota syttyi. Vuonna 1941 hän sai aivohalvauksen, joka jätti hänet osittain halvaantuneeksi. Terveydentilan edelleen heiketessä Gustavin poika, Alfried Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach otti yhtiön johdon haltuun vuonna 1943. Samana vuonna Hitler antoi Kruppin suvulle tunnust ja määräsi Kruppin yhtiön täseysun takin täseysun takin takinvin suktiön. Yhtiö oli ollut pörssiyhtiö vuodesta 1903.

Saksan hävittyä sodan Gustav Krupp oli yksi sotarikollisiksi määritellyistä, jotka asetettaisiin syytteeseen liittoutuneiden muodostaman Nürnbergin sotatuomioistuimen eteen. Kaavaillusta syytteestä hyökkäyssodan avustamiseen kuitenkin jouduttiin luopumaan, sillä Gustavin todettiin kärsivän seniiliydestä ja aivohalvauksen jättämistä oireista. Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach kuoli Blühnbachissa, Itävallassa 1950.


Innehåll

Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach tog i samband med sitt giftermål med Bertha Krupp över industrikoncernen Kruppkoncernen. Han inledde nya storsatsningar i koncernen och levererade até båda sidor sob första världskriget. Sob mellankrigstiden fortsatte företaget sob Krupp von Bohlen und Halbachs liderando att verka inom vapenutveckling, trots förbud av västmakterna. Företagets lyckades dock, trots inspektioner, att hålla vapenutvecklingen hemlig.

Efter nazisternas makttillträdde inledde Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach nära relacionador med makthavarna, med Hitler i spetsen, och utvecklade nya vapen for Wehrmacht. 1943 övertogs ledningen av företaget av sonen Alfried.

Efter andra världskriget diskuterades det om man skulle ställa Krupp inför rätta vid Nürnbergprocessen för att i Kruppverkens fabriker ha utnyttjat slavarbetare från ockuperade länder, men åtalet lades ner pålskens av hälskens. Gustav Krupp var sob sina sista år senil och sängliggande och vårdades av hustrun Bertha.


Gustav Krupp - História

Uma das grandes lições da história é que

a humanidade não aprende com a história

A história da família Krupp, que vive nos Illuminati, daria ao mundo um aviso alto e claro para os dias de hoje. A primeira lição que pode ser aprendida é como uma escalada militar e intenções militares podem ser totalmente ocultadas por décadas. Hoje, a Nova Ordem Mundial trouxe centenas de milhares de tropas estrangeiras para os Estados Unidos, eles trouxeram milhares, senão centenas de milhares de guilhotinas para execuções, eles construíram uma rede de campos de concentração não utilizados em todos os EUA, eles construíram crematórios próximos a esses campos de concentração e, no entanto, a maioria dos americanos parece acreditar nas mentiras do presidente Clinton e de outros, da mesma forma que acreditavam nas mentiras de Krupp e dos chanceleres alemães ANTES de Hitler e dos líderes militares alemães que estavam todos bem cientes de a secreta acumulação alemã que começou imediatamente após a WW Eu acabei! Estamos prestes a entrar em uma Nova Ordem Mundial que será pior do que a Nova Ordem Mundial de Hitler, mas o poder nos bastidores é o mesmo - os Illuminati obtendo seu poder de suas práticas satânicas de gerações centenárias. Um ex-Illuminati pensa que a família Krupp se tornou parte dos Illuminati em 1836. As famílias Halbach e Bohlen se uniram em casamento antes da Guerra Civil.

A família Halbach tinha grandes propriedades de carvão em Scranton, PA. Acredito que a família Halbach fazia parte dos Illuminati, e a família Halbach se casou com os Krupps em 1906. Parece que a data de 1836 não pode estar muito distante, porque o registro mostra que a família Krupp começou a receber todos os tipos de favores dos governos a partir de no final da década de 1830. Antes desse período, muitas coisas davam errado para a família Krupp para que eles tivessem um papel de destaque na liderança dos Illuminati. No verão de 1838, Alfred Krupp, chefe das fábricas Krupp deixou seu negócio e foi para Paris e depois para Liverpool. Ele parou de viajar para Midlands da Inglaterra naquele inverno e viveu em Liverpool, Inglaterra por 5 meses com uma família inglesa chamada Lightbody. No verão de 1839, ele estava de volta a Essen, Alemanha. Depois daquela viagem à Inglaterra, a sorte de Krupp começou a mudar. Os Alquimistas eram ocultistas que trabalhavam com produtos químicos e metais. Os alquimistas se relacionam com os Rosacruzes e os primeiros pesquisadores renascentistas da química.

Os Krupps, porque estavam envolvidos com metalurgia, também se envolveram com produtos químicos. O primeiro Krupp conhecido foi Arndt Krupp, que apareceu do nada (especula-se que ele veio da Holanda) e chegou a Essen em 1587 como um homem de posses e se tornou um comerciante na área. Seu filho Anton tornou-se um dos traficantes de armas militares da época. O sogro de Anton tinha um ofício de armeiro onde ele fabricava armas. Por volta de 1650, os Krupps eram os reis sem coroa da Alemanha de Essen & quot (de acordo com o livro alemão Die KRUPPS escrito por Norbert Muehlen. Frankfurt am Main: 1960, p. 13). Eles controlavam o governo da cidade. Em 1800, o Krupps entrou em aço e carvão, e produzindo canhões. Durante a era das descobertas, quando o Novo Mundo estava sendo explorado, as poderosas oligarquias ocultas da Europa estabeleceram empresas comerciais para dividir o controle do mundo. A Companhia das Índias Orientais era uma das mais notáveis ​​dessas empresas comerciais controladas por elite. Essas empresas de comércio estão ligadas à liderança do mundo ocultista e à formação de cartéis de drogas durante a era das descobertas. As 13 famílias Illuminati eram participantes do cartel de narcóticos que foi estabelecido antes de os Estados Unidos se tornarem uma nação. As raízes dos cartéis remontam aos Cavaleiros Templários, aos Cavaleiros de Malta e a algumas das oligarquias italianas que estiveram envolvidas no comércio de narcóticos durante séculos.

Esse cartel de drogas continuou ao longo dos séculos. I.G. Farben foi uma parte do século 20 do elemento alemão do cartel. Durante os dias coloniais, cada uma das várias famílias ocultas governantes secretas da Inglaterra, Alemanha, França e Holanda recebeu uma parte do comércio de narcóticos / produtos químicos. A história completa da família Krupp incluiria como eles se relacionam com I.G. Farben e o monopólio químico mundial que as famílias Illuminati possuem. É claro que Gustav Krupp foi informado da I.G. A pesquisa secreta de Farben sobre nitratos sintéticos antes de W.W.I, porque Gustav disse ao grande químico alemão Emil Fischer para não se preocupar com o problema do guncotton causado pelo baixo suprimento de nitrato. Os Krupps enfrentaram um problema maior durante a W.W.II em obter gordura animal de alto grau suficiente para manter o algodão no lugar para os explosivos. Isso foi resolvido usando a gordura das pessoas mortas nos campos de concentração. Desde o cartel químico dos Illuminati e o I.G. Farben e Krupp estavam envolvidos no uso de produtos humanos, os campos de concentração foram liberados pelos homens dos Illuminati e o uso de gordura humana, etc., encoberto.

Em nossos tempos modernos, dois homens Illuminati da família Krupp se destacam, Alfred Krupp von Bohlen und Halsbach (1907-1967) e Charles & quotChip & quot Bohlen (1904-1974). O avô de Chip Bohlen e o bisavô de Alfred Krupp eram irmãos. Alfred Krupp foi o homem mais poderoso e mais rico do mercado comum ou da Europa durante a década de 1960, e Chip Bohlen foi uma das forças políticas mais poderosas dos Estados Unidos servindo como embaixador dos EUA na URSS por muitos anos. O líder da Nova Ordem Mundial e colega de trabalho de Chip, George F. Kennen, descreveu Chip Bohlen com o seguinte: & quotNenhuma pessoa estava presente em mais dos encontros diplomáticos de alto nível do tempo de guerra [Segunda Guerra Mundial] e períodos imediatos do pós-guerra do que Charles Bohlen . & quot E, no entanto, quantas vezes é dito aos americanos que, enquanto Charles Bohlen estava aconselhando Roosevelt a dar aos soviéticos a Europa Oriental em Yalta em 1943. seus parentes Gustav e Alfred Krupp estavam dirigindo a fabricação dos melhores armamentos de Hitler? É um pequeno mundo no topo.

Em 21 de janeiro 33, Papen disse a Hugenberg: “Nós contratamos Hitler”. Embora Hitler fosse ele mesmo, as pessoas que o colocaram no poder sabiam o que estavam fazendo. Os Illuminati, como costumam fazer, colocam seu povo como conselheiro de Hitler e seu guarda-costas. Dietrich Stepp, o guarda-costas pessoal de Hitler, estava nos Illuminati. Eles fizeram o mesmo com várias outras pessoas, por exemplo, o Howard Hughs cercado. Hitler foi cercado por satanistas que receberam ordens dos Illuminati primeiro e depois de Hitler. Se você não acredita que Hitler se submeteu a seus conselheiros Illuminati, veja só as mudanças que ele fez nas doutrinas nazistas ao longo dos anos em seus discursos para garantir que a elite da Alemanha fosse protegida. Hitler retrocedeu em algumas de suas arquibancadas.

Quatro importantes conselheiros Illuminati de Hitler foram Rudolf Hess, Martin L. Bormann, Gustav Krupp e Alfred Krupp. Rudolf Hess foi escondido pelos Illuminati durante W.W. II. Há um livro publicado que mostra os registros médicos militares do verdadeiro Rudolf Hess, que foi ferido em W.W. Eu e os registros médicos do falso & quotHess & quot que foi preso na prisão de Spandau após W.W.II. É por isso que os nazistas em julgamento em Nuremberg riram quando viram & quotHess & quot pela primeira vez sob custódia. Eles riram porque sabiam que ele não era o verdadeiro Hess. Bormann veio de uma família ocultista de gerações. O avô de Bormann foi Johann Friedrich Bormann (n. 1830) e seu pai foi Theodor Bormann e sua mãe Louise Grobler. Bormann antes de se juntar aos nazistas havia trabalhado para Hermann von Treuenlels como capataz em uma fazenda. Ele era conhecido por sua aspereza, brutalidade e personalidade dominadora. Ele também deu ordens para que bandidos espancassem um homem chamado Walter Kadow, que morreu enquanto era espancado. Bormann cumpriu alguma pena de prisão por seu envolvimento na morte de Kadow. Bormann mais tarde como Hitler's no. 2 homem usou sua posição para decretar algumas medidas cruéis contra europeus controlados pelos alemães. Todos os líderes nazistas concordaram entre si que Bormann era o "Lúcifer de Hitler." foi exercido por Herr Bormann. Foi uma influência desastrosa. & Quot

Bormann detinha o mais alto posto nazista, Reichleiter, e era a sombra de Hitler em todos os lugares, mas a maioria dos alemães não sabia quem ele era. Quando Hess desapareceu no início de W.W.II, Bormann assumiu sua posição. Gustav Krupp salvou o partido nazista em 1932. Se não fosse por Gustav Krupp, Hitler nunca teria chegado ao poder. Durante 1932, o Partido Nazista ofendeu muitas pessoas e perdeu muito nas eleições. Muitos de seus grandes apoiadores financeiros haviam recuado e parecia que a festa iria murchar e morrer. O Dr. Goebbels, do Partido Nazista, escreveu nesta época em 1932, & quot. Estamos todos muito desanimados. particularmente em face do perigo atual de que todo o partido desmorone e todo o nosso trabalho seja em vão. Estamos agora enfrentando o teste decisivo. ”Logo depois, ele escreveu:“ A situação financeira em Berlim é desesperadora. Nada além de dívidas e obrigações. & Quot Neste ponto. Gustav Krupp investiu sua importante influência e muito dinheiro (100 milhões de marcos alemães) para salvar o partido nazista de sua posição precária. Gustav Krupp era talvez o industrial mais poderoso da Alemanha, com talvez as melhores fábricas de aço do mundo, e o peso de sua ajuda colocou o partido nazista de pé e à vitória naquele ano.

Quando Krupp fez sua grande contribuição financeira, Hitler designou Bormann para manter o controle de todo o dinheiro. A partir de então, as finanças pessoais de Hitler e algumas finanças do partido foram totalmente controladas e supervisionadas por Martin Bormann, um membro dos Illuminati. Digo que Gustav Krupp era "talvez o industrial mais poderoso" - só porque não conheço ninguém que saiba o quão grande era Gustav Krupp financeiramente. Gustav Krupp era o único proprietário, ou seja, o único proprietário de todas as suas empresas - não havia acionistas. Gustav Krupp possuía uma vasta gama de corporações, empresas e propriedades em todo o mundo. Ninguém sabe quanto ele possuía, mas ele possuía o suficiente para que seu filho, o único herdeiro de toda a fortuna Krupp, pudesse ter suas fábricas totalmente destruídas pelos aliados em W.W. II, e então reconstruir rapidamente usando dinheiro derivado de participações estrangeiras (não alemãs) em todo o mundo.

Mas foi Hitler a pessoa que levou a Alemanha a se rearmar e entrar no W.W.II? Gustav Krupp começou a rearmar secretamente a Alemanha imediatamente após W.W.I, em preparação para a próxima guerra mundial. A documentação de que Krupp começou a planejar e reconstruir secretamente os armamentos alemães em preparação para W.W. II IMEDIATAMENTE APÓS W.W. EU SOU INCONTROVERSÍVEL. Sugiro que os céticos leiam o livro volumoso de William Manchester, The Arms of KRUPP. 1587-1968. O governo alemão cooperou. Acordos foram alcançados com os soviéticos logo depois que W.W.l terminou para ajudar os alemães a contornar secretamente os requisitos estritos do Tratado de Versalhes, que restringia enormemente a Alemanha de muitas maneiras para evitar que se tornasse uma potência militar. Em 11 de maio de 1921, o chanceler alemão Wirth, o líder do governo alemão, assinou o Tratado de Versalhes prometendo o desarmamento. Ao mesmo tempo, estava cooperando totalmente com os Krupps e os militares para rearmar secretamente a Alemanha.

Wirth era muito adepto da intriga, e be e Krupp realizaram intrigas internacionais em todo o mundo para realizar sua escalada militar secreta. Hoje, os Illuminati estão fazendo exatamente a mesma coisa. (Mais sobre isso em breve.) Quando Hitler chegou ao poder, Gustav Krupp faturou ao governo nazista 300 milhões por ter construído secretamente a máquina de guerra alemã durante a década de 1920, e os nazistas pagaram a Krupp. Mais tarde, em 1943, durante W.W. II quando Gustav e Bertha queriam entregar todo o seu império ao primeiro filho Alfred, Alfred foi pessoalmente ao esconderijo subterrâneo de Hitler na Prússia Oriental para fazer com que Hitler abrisse pessoalmente uma exceção à lei alemã que proíbe a passagem de tudo em herança para apenas uma criança. Hitler cumprimentou Alfred com grandes boas-vindas e depois o deixou falar com Martin Bormann. Lembre-se, Bormann, um homem muito brutal, fazia parte dos Illuminati. Alfred e Bormaun conversaram, e então Bormann dirigiu Hans Lammers, o oráculo constitucional nazista, para proclamar secretamente:

& quotA firma de Fried. A Krupp, uma empresa familiar há 132 anos, merece o mais alto reconhecimento por suas atuações incomparáveis ​​no aumento do poder militar da Alemanha. Portanto, é meu desejo que o empreendimento seja preservado como propriedade da família. & Quot

Nos julgamentos de Nuremberg, Gustav era um dos nazistas no topo da lista de criminosos a serem julgados, e Alfred erroneamente só foi incluído nisso mais tarde. Gustav foi declarado impróprio para o julgamento em termos de saúde, e Alfred recebeu um tratamento muito brando. Outros nazistas levados a julgamento foram condenados à morte com menos evidências e menos crimes do que Alfred. Quando a guerra terminou, o velho Gustav estava no Castelo Bluembach, localizado em um local remoto nos Alpes austríacos. O oficial americano que capturou o castelo era o cunhado de Chip Bohlen, coronel Charles W. Thayer (em outras palavras, um parente de Gustav Krupp), que garantiu que as tropas americanas não saqueassem o castelo. Esta é uma coincidência muito estranha, que dos milhões de soldados aliados, um parente dos Krupps é quem vai capturar o castelo de Gustav Krupp. O Coronel Thayer sabia do que se tratava o Castelo de Bluenbach antes de partir com seus homens para encontrá-lo. O castelo coberto de hera de quatro andares tem uma calçada de granito rosa e um interior bonito e luxuoso. Mesmo que o visitante chegue ao portão principal, que é bastante remoto, ainda há uma longa viagem até ao castelo. Uma das montanhas cobertas de neve que cercam o castelo perfeito de cartão-postal tem a lendária caverna de Barbarosa, que dizem estar dormindo esperando ser acordada por corvos negros para voltar à vida e salvar a Alemanha. A mídia controlada pelos Illuminati retratou o filho de Gustav, Alfred, como uma vítima dos julgamentos de Nuremberg, embora montanhas de documentos provem que ele era mais criminoso de guerra do que Adolf Hitler.

Os maciços documentos do julgamento de Alfred Krupp em Nuremberg nunca foram impressos na Alemanha, e ainda hoje a verdade sobre Krupp é desconhecida. A história foi reescrita pelas editoras controladas para fazer Alfred Krupp ser a vítima do nazismo, em vez de dizer a verdade sobre como ele governou o império Krupp no ​​início de 1943, e estava ativamente envolvido no estupro e pilhagem de muitas nações, e ativamente envolvidos na tortura de incontáveis ​​trabalhadores escravos vindos de nações de todo o mundo (qualquer pessoa que os nazistas encontrassem para prender). Os escravos que trabalhavam para Krupp nem mesmo eram escravos. Hitler havia feito uma lei segundo a qual os escravos deviam ser alimentados tanto por dia de acordo com o quão difícil era o trabalho que eles tinham que fazer. Os escravos de Krupp morreram de fome enquanto eram forçados a fazer trabalhos forçados. Havia uma escassez aguda de escravos para trabalhar e necessidades drásticas de tanques, navios, artilharia, submarinos e outras armas produzidas pela Krupp, então não havia razão lógica para os guardas pessoais da fábrica de Krupp morrerem de fome e espancarem escravos até a morte de maneira regular . O terrível abuso que os escravos recebiam, na verdade, muitas vezes impedia que as fábricas da Krupp tivessem sucesso em seus objetivos de produção. Os escravos geralmente são alimentados e cuidados para que possam trabalhar, mas os escravos de Krupp nem mesmo recebiam o básico que um escravo recebe - eles eram menos que escravos, ou como um escravo que trabalhava para Krupp disse que como Krupp s escravos, eles nem mesmo tinham o status de & quotslave & quot, mas eram como pedaços de lixa a serem usados ​​e descartados.

Os escravos de Krupp eram os mais mal tratados na Alemanha e frequentemente não conseguiam atingir a produção desejada devido à total desumanização e aos horríveis abusos sistematicamente infligidos a eles. Escravos eram torturados no porão do Hauptverwaltungsgebaude de Krupp (o prédio de escritórios da corporação executiva em Essen). Testemunhas incontestáveis ​​declararam que algumas das mais revoltantes torturas de escravos ocorreram ao alcance da voz do escritório de Alfred Krupps. As secretárias que trabalhavam com Krupp podiam ouvir os gritos das pessoas sendo torturadas e, sem dúvida, se eles podiam ouvi-los, Alfred também podia, mas ele sempre ignorou os gritos com uma cara de pedra, como fez mais tarde em rituais satânicos . Um sobrevivente Illuminati se lembra do rosto distinto de Alfred. Mais tarde, John J. McCloy, chefe do Conselho de Relações Exteriores e membro dos Illuminati, recebeu o cargo de Alto Comissário sobre a Alemanha Ocupada. Ele anulou as decisões do Julgamento de Nuremberg, saindo do alinhamento com a legalidade, libertou Alfred Krupp da prisão e o exonerou de "culpa de guerra". O julgamento dos crimes de guerra de Alfred Krupp W.s W.W.II durou 5 anos e levou 330.000 páginas de transcrições judiciais. Todo esse trabalho foi posto de lado por John J. McCloy - um satanista de gerações como Alfred. Alfred tinha 37 dos melhores advogados que deram mais do que uma boa luta por Alfred. Eles usaram todos os truques do livro para seu cliente - incluindo assassinato de testemunhas, supressão de provas, etc. (Os jornais do sistema na Europa e nos Estados Unidos retrataram Alfred como não tendo recebido ajuda jurídica adequada! Nada poderia estar mais longe da verdade - ele foi o criminoso de Nuremberg mais bem defendido.)

Mesmo assim, as evidências contra Krupp foram esmagadoras e os 5 juízes de Nuremberg o condenaram à prisão. Os juízes também sentenciaram que todos os seus bens fossem tirados dele. Isso era mais do que justo, considerando toda a pilhagem e saques que Krupp dirigira pessoalmente em toda a Europa. Os governos britânico e americano nunca cumpriram as ordens dos juízes para retirar a propriedade de Alfred, e depois de servir por um tempo (tendo férias de sua carga de trabalho) na prisão, os Illuminati o libertaram da prisão. Alfred foi considerado um mártir na imprensa - eles alegaram que ele foi o único nazista que teve propriedades confiscadas (o que era uma mentira da imprensa), de modo que parecia que ele havia sido escolhido para uma vitimização especial pelo Nuremberg Tribunal. Embora olhe para o público como uma vítima por perder sua propriedade - nada disso foi tirado!

Hoje, a intriga dos Illuminati para se preparar secretamente para sua aquisição é monumental em proporções. No entanto, está seguindo muitas das táticas testadas e comprovadas dos Krupps. Antes da W.W.I, os Krupps criaram uma empresa holandesa em Haia com o nome inglês Blessing and Company. A Blessing & amp Co. era usada apenas de vez em quando pelos Krupps. Após a Primeira Guerra Mundial, foi vendido com todos os seus ativos para Hollandsche Industrie en Handel Maatschappij (outra frente holandesa) e, em seguida, seu nome foi alterado para Siderius AG. Foi então usado como uma holding para 3 estaleiros holandeses, seus nomes sendo Piet Smit em Rotterdam, Maschinen en Apparaten Fabrik em Utrecht e Ingenieur-Kantoor voor Scheepsbouw em Haia. Naquela época, dois diretores da Krupp detinham discretamente todas as ações da Siderius. Assim, foi criada uma empresa de fachada da qual ninguém suspeitava ser uma empresa Krupp. Mais tarde, holandeses selecionados venderam as ações da empresa que os diretores da Krupp possuíam. Isso completou o subterfúgio.

Quando a inteligência aliada, em 1926, pegou e pediu ao governo holandês que interviesse, a rainha Guilhermina da Holanda resumidamente informou à inteligência aliada que seu governo. não interferiria de forma alguma com uma empresa privada holandesa. Quando se estuda as maquinações de George Bush e Bill e Hillary Clinton, eles também trabalharam com empresas de fachada. A CIA é ótima em criar empresas de fachada que são vendidas para outras frentes e cujo controle acaba sendo escondido e obscurecido. Três exemplos de famílias Illuminati com muito poder, mas que têm seus extensos ativos financeiros obscurecidos, são os Payseurs, os Springs e os Van Duyns. A mídia nacional dos Estados Unidos tem continuamente administrado especialistas em controle de danos para George Bush e Bill e Hillary Clinton. O escândalo Whitewater, Vincent Foster e o incidente de Waco deveriam ter afundado os Chintons, mas a mídia veiculou excelentes campanhas de propaganda que colocaram a verdade de ponta-cabeça. Sob a aparência de fazer investigações imparciais, a mídia da Nova Ordem Mundial realmente fez um controle de danos sofisticado. Se olharmos para a história dos Krupps, podemos ver que a humanidade não aprendeu com a história.

Os Kingpins dos Illuminati estavam acima da lei e ainda estão. Friedrich Alfred Krupp (1854-1902) era o chefe do Fried. Krupp Industrial Empire. Ele era um pedófilo que gostava de meninos para sexo. Quando ele viajou para várias grandes cidades, ele conseguiu meninos. Conrad UhI, proprietário do Hotel Bristol em Berlim, descobriu sobre o desejo de Friedrich (Fritz) Krupp por meninos quando foi forçado por Krupp a lhe fornecer meninos no Hotel. Conrad UhI não gostou de ser forçado ao papel de cafetão e foi à polícia de Berlim. que prontamente lhe disse para ficar quieto. Krupp estava acima da lei, ninguém tocaria em Krupp, especialmente nem mesmo o rei da Alemanha, Guilherme, que era o melhor amigo dos Krupp. O comissário de polícia Meerscheidt-Huellessem, que dirigia o controle de danos para os Krupps e outros, morreu antes que os oponentes políticos de Krupp pudessem divulgar os registros policiais ao público.

In Capri, Italy a grotto was transformed into Krupp s private sex club where a countless numbers of young Italian boys regularly sexually serviced Krupp. This was at the Quisisana Hotel. The owner was also a prominent politician who could protect Krupp s activities. Solid gold pins shaped like artillery shells or two crossed forks (both designed by Krupp) were given to the young boys if they performed well. Krupp would have skyrockets shot off when he had his orgasm, and porn photos taken of his activities. The porn pictures got out into the public domain and this and all the witnesses to Krupp s criminal sexual activities, caused the Italian government to order Krupp to leave Italy. Any common person would have been arrested and the key to their cell thrown away--but Krupp was simply asked to leave. However, the press in Italy had gotten a hold of the juicy story for their Italian readers and soon all of Europe knew of Krupp s pedophilia except in Germany where the government and the controlled media kept it secret. A few german newsmen tried to get the story out in Germany but were arrested.

When Krupp s wife learned of the scandal she was upset and went to authorities who then through the System using physical force threw Krupp s wife in a mental hospital in Jena. However, throwing Krupp s wife Margaretha into a mental hospital wasn t going to put a cap on the scandal, and suing the newsmen wasn t going to work, and trying to run a coverup as big and violent as the JFK assassination coverup was started but it was obvious that it would have to be such a large and violent coverup that it would be difficult to pull off. In the view of all these difficulties, on November 21 or 22, 1902 Friedrich (Fritz) Krupp committed suicide. The suicide was covered up, and his body was put in a concealed casket and in direct disobedience to the law there was no autopsy--even though the law required it. Nobody, even Friedrich Krupp s close relatives were allowed to see the body. After 3 days, Germany had a great ceremony involving the King, great words were said about Krupp, and then Krupp was laid to rest in a guarded cemetery. Now that it is no longer important, the facts of what happened can be studied, but the case of Friedrich A. Krupp s improprieties and the resulting scandal show clearly that powerful men are above the law, any exposure of their activities can be covered up, and even suicides can be covered up.

Now historians will tell the truth, when it is no longer political correct to lie. How long will it take for the truth to come out about George Bush being a pedophile, or about Bill and Hillary s cocaine running, or a thousand and one other criminal activities these Illuminati men have engaged in. The Supreme Council of the 330 of Southern Rite of Freemasonry had pictures of George Bush in their New Age magazine holding children in his lap. For those of us who know that he is a pedophile the picture showing him as a fatherly Jesus-type figure who children love is sickening. Will we learn from the past, or will we continue to repeat it & its atrocities? Even today, in Germany the Krupp name is above reproach. The truth is not being told. The Krupps have had too much power over the German media for the German mass media to ever say the genuine negative truth about the Krupps.

During W.W. II, the Krupps took tens of thousands of jews and other people and used them as slave labor. A concentration camp at Buschmannhof, Germany was created for the babies of Krupp s slave labor. The babies who were sent to this concentration camp would then die of starvation and disease. The slaves of the Krupps during W.W. II were tortured in small boxes, whipped etc. etc. However, the politically correct line today in Germany is that the Krupps were made to do this by the Nazis. And that politically correct line is a fabricated lie, because numerous documents show that the Krupps went to the Nazi government and begged for slaves to work in their factories, and that the Krupps intentionally set .up extremely harsh working conditions for their slaves. In fact, letters exist that show the Krupps couldn t get enough supply of torture weapons to use on their slaves.

But then the workers for Krupp have always worked under serf conditions. A visitor to a Krupp factory said, "For all practical purposes the people of Essen are body and soul the property of the Krupps." At times the Krupps have been viewed as god figures by some of their workers. Are we going to learn from history? Today, the public is buying the System s propaganda to make inmates work under boot camp conditions. The stage is being set in the United States to view inmates as less than human. The foreign slaves in Germany were often looked upon as less than human by many of the German people. That is the power of control and propaganda. The media is able to take someone like Tim LaVeigh who everyone who knew him during his life says was a nice guy who couldn t have set the bomb(s) and make him look to the public like a mean monster. I believe Tim LaVeigh is a patsy for the government s own sinister bombing of the Oklahoma City Federal building just like Hitler firebombed his own Reichstag. Speaking of fires set by the Illuminati, the Krupps tried to burn mountains of records before the Allies captured their factories.

A lot were burned but many still sensitive documents still survived. These sensitive documents showed their war crimes, Kruupp s own espionage network and other sensitive things. Krupp wanted to bury some of the documents at an unused Bohien castle that he had. The Krupps have networked with all the elite. The Krupps agent in powerful man while alive, he could hire or fire corporate leaders in many of Germany s corporations, because his various banks held the purse strings in Germany. He also had international clout, for instance, Banco Aleman Transatlantico (Deutsche Oberseeishe Bank) which operates in South America & Spain is run by Deutsche Bank. In July, 1944, the Illuminati s economic thinkers quietly established the World Bank at Bretton Woods, New Hampshire. Illuminatus John J. McCloy, the man who set Krupp free, became the president of the World Bank. The U.S., Japan and Germany are the most powerful voting members of the World Bank according to the recent annual reports which I have.

When an appropriate Krupp couldn t be found in 1967 the Illuminati turned Krupp s Industrial Empire over to its Internat. bankers. Charles Eustis Bohlen (1904-1974) was born to Celestine Eustis and Charles Bohlen. His father Charles Bohien was a wealthy man and his mother s family had also been prominent. His mother Celestine s father was the American Ambassador to France in 1893. Because Chip Bohien had connections, it was mutually decided by several people that he should become a diplomat. The state department at the time he joined had tarnished its reputation with the public with several scandals. One diplomat had indecently exposed himself, another had been arrested for molesting 2 boys and another had shot himself. Chip Bohlen seems to have been way above scandals. Chip was very intelligent and very discreet. In addition to being very discreet and close lipped, the elite s press and the System in general over the years have kept Chip Bohlen s life a secret from the public. Most men of Chip Bohien s stature would appear in the Who s Who in America. Not Chip Bohlen. He has managed to keep to a very low profile thanks to the Illuminati s control over all types of information, while remaining one of the most powerful men in the 20th century. Sen. McCarthy, who was catching on to the Illuminati s conspiracy tried to prevent Bohlen from being approved as the U.S. s "Ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary to the U.S.S.R." but on Mar. 2 & 18, 1953, the Senate gave him the important position.

However, Chip s brother-in-law quit his political career after being exposed by Sen. McCarthy. (I had believed the lie of the press that McCarthy was after communists, but I read something the Senator wrote which showed that he was out to expose a worldwide occult conspiracy--not simply communism. The work the Senator did is continually referred to as a "witch hunt", but some day the witches he tried to protect America from may well put this nation through another Holocaust, and then the "witch hunt" of the Senator will seem mild.) Chip Bohlen also served as the no. 1 adviser for three Secretaries of State - James F. Byrnes, George C. Marshall ( 45- 46) and Christian Herter ( 59- 61). After graduating from Harvard in the late 1920s, Chip worked for Frank B. Kellogg and Henry L. Stimson. The U.S. State Department trained Chip to speak Russian several years before the U.S. had diplomatic ties with Russia. When the U.S. put in an embassy in Moscow in 1934, Chip helped open the first American embassy in communist Russia. The American diplomats stayed at the Savoy Hotel in Moscow. The Savoy Hotel in London has been used as an important Illuminati building.

Chip stayed in communist USSR until 1940, when the U.S. government moved him to Tokyo to help in Japan. According to Chip, he and others were not surprised that Pearl Harbor took place because there were strong indications that it was going to happen. (See Chip s book Witness To History, pp. 110-112. His book was edited by a fellow Illuminatus Phelps.) After the attack on Pearl Harbor, Chip was placed under arrest by the Japanese. Then on June 20, 1942, Chip, Keith Meyers head of Standard Oil in Tokyo, and some other Americans were put on board the Asama Maru and returned to the United States via Portuguese East Africa. Chip Bohlen interpreted for Averell Harriman, when Harriman met the Russians for talks. Chip Bohlen did the interpreting and some advising of the President when Roosevelt had his meetings with Stalin. Averell Harriman, a member of the Illuminati, liked Chip and the work he did. If one looks at photographs of the Yalta and the Tehran meetings between Stalin, Churchill and Roosevelt you will see Chip Bohlen in the background. Chip was also at the Potsdam Conference between Truman and Stalin. He was also in San Francisco as a participant who helped create the United Nations in 1945. It was Bohlen and others who actually wrote out the Marshall plan and then requested that Sec. of State George Marshall spell it out in a speech at Harvard. It would take a long article to cover all the big meetings that Bohien participated in. Needless to say, he attended more big meetings involving global politics than any other American.

When Chip became the American Ambassador to the USSR, the Russians trusted Chip enough to stop their practice of having agents always follow the American Ambassador. Chip s predecessors as ambassadors had been George F. Kennen and Llewellyn E. Thompson. They had always been followed by Russian agents. But things changed for Chip. By the way, both Kennen and Dean Acheson both were close friends with Chip. Chip was noted for his intelligence and candor by his colleagues, but the Establishment has kept the full story about him very much under wraps. Perhaps only people like the CIA and intelligence personnel know the full story. For as powerful as Chip Bohlen was, he has been relegated to being in the shadows. When we look at the photos of the great summit meetings, Chip can be seen behind Stalin, Churchill and the American Presidents. Francis Hermana Bohlen (1808-t942) was a famous lawyer, politician and a teacher at Harvard from 1925-28. This is just one more of the famous Bohlen s. This author waited until there was verification from independent ex-Illuminati sources that Alfred Krupp (his full name includes the title "von Bohlen und Halsbach") had been a member of the Illuminati.

There is no doubt that Chip Bohlen was part of the Illuminati. As previously mentioned one of the Illuminati survivors I have worked with was alive during W.W.II and has memories of how the Russians, Germans, and Americans in the Illuminati kept working together even during W.W. 11. A very close examination of what really went on behind the scenes, especially at the top shows that the parts of the Illuminati have continued to collaborate together even during wars. The are many relatives of Krupp in Europe, South America and the United States. Arndt Krupp, Alfred son who opted to become a professional playboy, bought an estate in the interior of Brazil. The estate covered 43 square miles, had dwellings for 180 servants (back in the l960 s-what s happened in recent years I don t know), had a park modeled after Versailles, and the largest horse stables in Brazil. His private jet could carry his custom-built Rolls-Royce.

Important Illuminati rituals have taken place in Argentina and other South American locations where Illuminati members from the U.S. and various European nations have flown in to participate in. As more information comes in, this author will be able to determine whether Arndt Krupp took part in any of those South American Illuminati ceremonies. There are descendants of Hitler in several states in the U.S. (Because people move around, there is no purpose in giving their locations at present.) Of course the controlled media would have us believe that Adolf Hitler, who was very popular with women during his life, and a very powerful man at the height of his power, did not have any descendants. There were many German women who would have begged to have a child by him, and there were a number who did. There is no doubt in this author s mind that the Krupp s got ahold of the Illuminati formula for creating multiple personalities who are programmed into Systems of Alters. The Krupp relatives have numerous castles and other pieces of property all over Germany, and all over the world in fact. I continue to get reports of Illuminati mind-control programming going on in castles, and Illuminati rituals taking place in German castles. It is a distinct possibility that castles tied to the Krupp clan are being used for programming.

Some of their castles and estates have been remote and some have been left unused as far as the public was told. Resumo. What we have learned is that the Krupps have participated in the Illuminati, and were primarily responsible for both Hitler coming to power and for Germany rearming itself secretly in violation of the Versailles Treaty. We have learned that Illuminati Kingpins like the Krupps are above the law, and are usually above getting themselves sincerely exposed in the controlled media. The Krupps provide an excellent example of how a military build-up can be hidden, and how scandalous behavior of the elite can go unpublicized and unpunished. The same things are still happening today. We have learned about two Krupps who wielded enormous power during the twentieth century, Alfred Krupp and Chip Bohien. Alfred Krupp was the most powerful man in European economic aflairs during his lifetime, and Chip Bohlen, who was perhaps the most influential American diplomat of the twentieth century. We have gotten a glimpse of how the remaining Krupps today are scattered and are to be expected to continue to play an active role in the ritual life/& mind-control programming of the Illuminati.


Upon seizing power in 1933, Adolf Hitler and the Nazis launched a massive armament program and the Krupp conglomerate was key to German rearmament. The firm plundered and exploited private and public property, and resources of occupied countries, enslaving their citizens. Plants in Austria, France, and Belgium, chromium ore deposits in Yugoslavia, nickel mines in Greece,& naval and shipbuilding facilities in Holland, were exploited in the process.

Citizens of these and other countries were compelled to work for Krupp in the manufacture of armaments and munitions. Krupp was also a major recipient of slave labor from Auschwitz during the war.The company used over 70,000 people as slave labor in factories making armaments for the Nazis. It even operated a plant inside the infamous Auschwitz concentration camp which manufactured fuses, and another at the Ravensbreuck camp. There is ample evidence that in Krupp’s custody and service prisoners were underfed and overworked, misused, and inhumanly treated. Captured records show that in September 1944 Krupp concerns were working 54,990 foreign workers and 18,902 prisoners of war.

* The children were housed in “sort of prison bunks… The children there were quite naked… Many of them had swollen heads… These children were so undernourished… Fifty or sixty children died every day, and as many were born every day, because there was an influx of eastern female workers with children… The children were cremated inside the camp….”

In the Krupp Trial, twelve former directors of the Krupp Group were accused of having enabled the armament of the German military forces and thus having actively participated in the Nazis’ preparations for an aggressive war, and also for having used slave laborers in their companies.

Alfried Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach
Wikipedia

Alfried Krupp
Banco de dados da Segunda Guerra Mundial

Gustav Krupp
Site de aprendizagem de história

Gustav Krupp
Spartacus International

GUSTAV KRUPP von BOHLEN und HALBACH*
Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression Volume 2
Chapter XVI Part 13
Lillian Goldman Law Library
Yale Law School

Nothing They Wouldn’t Do
Book Review:
Krupp: A History of the Legendary German Firm by Harold James
London Review of Books

Krupp Trial
Wikipedia

1933-1945 – Krupp Under the Nazis
Global Security


World War I [ edit | editar fonte]

By World War I, the company had a near monopoly in heavy arms manufacture in Germany. At the start of the war, the company lost access to most of its overseas markets, but this was more than offset by increased demand for weapons by Germany and her allies. In 1902, before Krupp's marriage, the company leased a fuse patent to Vickers Limited of the United Kingdom. One of the company's products was a 94-ton howitzer named Big Bertha, after Krupp's wife. ΐ] Gustav also won the lucrative contract for Germany's U-boats, which were built at the family's shipyard in Kiel. After the war, Krupp was widely criticised within Germany for the profits he had made from the fighting. & # 91citação necessária] Maintaining close contacts with the German emperor Krupp's estate, the Villa Hügel, had a suite of rooms for William II whenever he came to visit. Even in exile after World War I Krupp wrote to him on his birthday every year. & # 91citação necessária]


Banco de dados da Segunda Guerra Mundial


ww2dbase Gustav von Bohlen und Halbach was the descendant of two prominent German-American families. His father, born a commoner, was made a noble by the Grand Duke of Baden when his family emigrated back to Germany. At the age of eighteen, he volunteered for the 2nd Baden Dragoons, then proceeded to study law at Lausanne, Strasbourg, and Heidelberg. With a law degree, he became a diplomat like his father in the role, he served in Washington, Peking, and the Vatican. Despite his experience abroad, he showed no signs of enlightenment. His personal philosophy prevented it. To him, to broaden one's horizon was a sign of independence, which bordered on being disloyal to Berlin Baron Tilo von Wilmowsky later said that he "had a very definite way of subordinating himself to the authority of the state". To him, loyalty was his most treasured characteristic.

ww2dbase In Oct 1906, Krupp was arranged by Kaiser Wilhelm to marry Bertha Krupp, the heir of the industrial conglomerate. Kaiser also made him Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach in order to legitimize his takeover of the company eldest male heirs of all future generations were also bestowed this honor.

ww2dbase Krupp was a stoic man, perhaps due to his diplomat training, never showing much emotion. Even the announcement of the birth of his son sounded like a business deal. "I feel compelled to inform the board personally and in my wife's name at this earliest possible moment of the birth to us of a healthy son", he reported to his colleagues at Friedrich Krupp AG. But what really set him apart from others was his prompt habits. For example, overnight guests at his residence were informed that breakfast was to be served promptly at 0715 if they arrived at 0716, the door was shut and they were denied the meal. To be fair, he treated himself to the same rigorous schedule as well. When dining alone, he gave himself exactly 15 minutes to eat. When he left his house, his carriage driver knew that the moment Krupp stepped into the carriage the wheels needed to be turning.

ww2dbase By World War I, Friedrich Krupp AG's status as Germany's armorer could not be doubted. The 94-ton howitzer "Big Bertha" became the company's signature contribution to the German war effort, although of course the company's contribution to the war went way beyond the handful of big guns. When the tide of the war turned against Germany, Krupp refused to acknowledge the possibility of losing the war. According to his own calculations, as he told his colleagues, Germany was about to turn back the tide at any time. o Kanonenkönig ("Cannon King") was convinced that the shelling of Paris by Krupp-made 200- to 230-pound shells from Krupp-made 21-centimeter howitzers located 31 miles outside the French capital was a sign of the eventual victory. He was wrong, and he was devastated.

ww2dbase As Germany suffered under the Versailles Treaty, Friedrich Krupp AG maintained its profitability by a combination of agricultural equipment and consumer goods, though that was only what the company wanted the world to see. Through subsidiaries outside of Germany such as Blessing and Company at the Hague, Krupp kept his company knee-deep in weapons research. Foreign subsidiaries also played a part in hiding Krupp assets of all kinds at a time when France was eager to take possession of anything German that could be used to rebuild the war-torn country. Tanks researched under the false pretense of an agricultural tractor were one of the many weapons that the company secretly developed. Sometimes the secrets leaked out, for example a sketch for a heavy tractor included a 7.5-centimeter cannon. In another instance a heavy tractor's specifications included the need to easily use the railroad systems of Belgium and France. A company memorandum found years later noted that of all weapons used in 1939-1941, "the most important were already fully developed in 1933." As Adolf Hitler's Nazi Party rose to power in the 1930s, the production of weapons expanded. Of the wide range of weapons developed at this time, perhaps the most important historically was the 88mm gun, which Allied airmen would come to fear and respect a handful of years down the road.

ww2dbase Krupp was not always a Nazi, however. His support for Hitler was one which resulted from convenience. Although Friedrich Krupp AG was known for offering unbelievably generous compensation packages for its works and social programs in its company towns, Krupp distrusted liberals and eyed unions with suspicion (in fact, he banned unions from his factories). His support for the Nazi Party only materialized out of the promised, and delivered, anti-union laws. That initial support triggered off the fiercely loyal Krupp that had not really been seen since WW1. On 4 May 1933, Krupp became the chairman of the Association of German Industrialists and unwittingly a loyal Nazi he thought he was only being a loyal German. His first act was to expel all Jews from the top ranks of the industrial world, then on 22 May, he consolidated the powers of the heads of German industries, making the executives dictators in their own companies. "In underwriting an end to political elections, . they had unwittingly liquidated their own independence." Behind his back, liberal-leaning industrialists called him a "Obernazi" it was not without reason. By spring of 1934, the Nazi Party named him leader of the German economy. Krupp returned the favor by remaining quiet. After the bloody purge of 30 Jun 1934 that came to be known as the Night of the Long Knives, with full knowledge of what had happened, he kept his mouth shut.

ww2dbase In 1937, Krupp was sick of the politics and gave up the titles the Nazi Party had given him. He knew that his title as the head of Friedrich Krupp AG far outweighed any title Berlin could ever bestow upon him. He could be a loyal German without favors from Berlin. Had it been any other man, Berlin would have responded, but a man of Krupp's stature had the rare power of choice under Nazi Germany. Although his patriotism could not be doubted, he also ran his company with its private interests first. For example, despite Berlin's protest, Friedrich Krupp AG never became solely a weapons manufacturer. The company refused to convert their nonmilitary production of agriculture products, locomotives, and dredging equipment. Krupp even kept a Jew, an electrical engineer, on the payroll as a sign of defiance to the Nazi politicians in Berlin. None of these rebellious acts hurt Friedrich Krupp AG's importance to Berlin. In fact, the state continued to help Friedrich Krupp AG expand its operations in the territories it had acquired. At the eve of the invasion on Poland, Krupp's empire was consisted of 81 factories, many wholly owned subsidiaries, and controlling interest in 110 firms the empire was described as a giant octopus, with the length of the body forming a vertical monopoly in the heavy industries landscape and the tentacles reaching every corner of the Reich.

ww2dbase As the European War began, although Krupp was still nominally the head of Friedrich Krupp AG, his mind was already failing him. In 1941, he suffered a crippling stroke, but only his family and his physician Dr. Gerhardt Wiele knew to everyone outside the circle, nothing had happened. Krupp continued to put on a show, even keeping his horseback riding habit daily with the help of two servants. Though his brother-in-law Wilmowsky had no doubt in his mind that Krupp's health was rapidly deteriorating, it was not for a long time before Krupp admitted it to him when he noted "[p]lease give me a word when you notice I can't find it", suggesting that his mind was not nearly as sharp as it had been years past. In the personal diaries of Joseph Goebbels, the entry on 10 Apr 1943 noted that "Old man Bohlen, now seventy-two and a half years old, is already somewhat crazy."

ww2dbase It was around this time when his son Alfried von Bohlen und Halbach and the other executives took over the company's entire operations. His son was officially given the name Krupp and became the head of the company in Nov 1943, and the elder Krupp, who now had relinquished the Krupp name, retired to Blühnbach, Austria. At the time of his retirement, the Krupp enterprise was worth 237,316,093 marks, more than three times the company's worth in 1933, and that number did not even include all the companies Friedrich Krupp AG had absorbed through Germany's conquests.

ww2dbase On 25 Nov 1944, while walking alone in Blühnbach's garden, Gustav von Bohlen und Halbach suddenly began running toward the castle for no apparent reason. He tripped before his wife and the servants could stop him. While on the way to the hospital, his car swerved to avoid an accident, and he further injured himself after putting his head against a metal bar behind his driver. For the next eight weeks, he remained in the hospital, where he suffered his second stroke. He was to be attended to around the clock for the remainder of his life.

ww2dbase After the war had ended, Gustav von Bohlen und Halbach was charged with war crimes, particularly the use of slave labor, including prisoners of concentration camps. The charges were eventually dropped due to his failing health and senility, and many argued that his son Alfried Krupp was tried and found guilty in his stead. He passed away in Austria in 1950. He was cremated in Salzburg and the ashes were buried at Obergrombach, Baden, Germany.

ww2dbase Source: the Arms of Krupp.

Last Major Revision: Dec 2006

Gustav Krupp Timeline

7 Aug 1870 Gustav Krupp was born.
16 Jan 1950 Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach passed away at the Blühnbach Castle in Werfen, Salzburg, Austria.

Você gostou deste artigo ou achou este artigo útil? Em caso afirmativo, considere nos apoiar no Patreon. Mesmo $ 1 por mês já é uma boa escolha! Obrigada.


The Krupp Family

The first record of the name "Krupp" dates to the late 16th century when Arndt Krupp joined a merchant's guild in the town of Essen in the Ruhr valley of northwestern Germany. Arndt bought up a considerable amount of land around Essen, and his son Anton took over the family's arms business. During the devastating Thirty Years' War (1618-48), the Krupps built matchlock and flintlock muskets for the Hapsburg Empire and soon made a name for themselves in the world of weapons. By the late 17th century, the family-owned a majority of the Ruhr's coal mines and several iron forges in Essen. In 1807, shortly after Napoleon Bonaparte had seized control of northwestern Germany, Friedrich Krupp took over his family's business. A savvy salesman, Krupp learned that the French emperor was paying handsomely for any new innovations in how to forge steel, and in 1811 he secured a contract from Napoleon to build a new factory in Essen for his Gusstahlfabrik, or "cast steelworks." The business he built with French money became the most powerful enterprise in Europe because the steel produced by Krupp Aktiengesellschaft was lighter and stronger than any other industrial metal in the world.

Krupp AG soon had contracts with Napoleon's puppet-states across Europe, and his largest customer after France was the Hohenzollern Kingdom of Prussia. The family became close with King Friedrich Wilhelm III and supplied him with armaments for the 1812 invasion of Russia. When the Russians defeated Napoleon's armies outside Moscow, Krupp's weapons soon found new targets during the German "Wars of Liberation" against the French in 1813, Krupp muskets and cannons were used on both sides. Czar Alexander I of Russia bought thousands of field guns from Krupp for the 1814 invasion of France, and the Prussian army that helped the Duke of Wellington win at Waterloo a year later fired more than a thousand Krupp-made shells into Napoleon's lines.

Friedrich Krupp died in 1826, and his son Alfred took over the company and built it into the largest privately-owned firm in Europe. He funded new developments in weaponry that extended the range of field artillery and made muskets more reliable and easier to repair on the battlefield. Krupp AG held public demonstrations at expositions in several European capitals, and Alfred often gifted the newest and best weapons to the Prussian state. During Otto von Bismarcks' wars to unite Germany under the Hohenzollern kings, Krupp's guns blasted away at Danish, Austrian, and French soldiers and forged the German people into a unified national state. Alfred Krupp became known as the "Cannon King" during yearly demonstrations during the 1870s at his private estate north of Essen to show off his most recent deadly creations. He ran the company with an iron fist, and though he listened to advice from family members and hired managers, his word was law. Krupp was also very generous to his employees, providing them with quality housing near the factories and good wages to ensure their work was always top-notch.

When Alfred died, his son Friedrich Alfred continued to expand Krupp AG. He was less severe than his father and more interested in helping the disadvantaged in society. His philanthropic work endeared the Krupp family to the German people. Friedrich Alfred also started a subsidiary company to build large internal combustion engines, and in 1893 his competitor Rudolf Diesel licensed Krupp's design for Germany's first submarine. The Krupps got involved in building warships as well when they bought Germaniawerk in 1896, and this enormous factory was soon churning out vessels for Kaiser Wilhelm II's High Seas Fleet. Sadly for Friedrich Alfred, his personal life was a mess, and after he was arrested in Italy on charges of deviant sexual behavior, he was found dead in 1902, probably having taken his own life.

Friedrich Alfred's daughter Bertha inherited the company, but Kaiser Wilhelm thought it was not proper for a woman to run Germany's largest and most important business. In 1906, she married Gustav von Bohlen und Halbach, and the couple then took the company public and began to allow investors from outside the family to buy shares. By 1912, the company was selling weapons to over fifty countries under its new name, "Krupp Grusonwerk AG," and also licensed its designs to arms manufacturers in a dozen more. Two years later, when the Great War began in Europe, Krupp had a virtual monopoly on weapons production in Germany but lost its overseas contracts thanks to the British naval blockade. Gustav's workers built millions of artillery shells and hundreds of thousands of guns, including its "Big Bertha" model of howitzer (an unflattering honor for his wife) and the "Paris Gun," the largest artillery piece of the war. Its Germaniawerk factory produced more than eighty U-boats for the navy as well.

Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach was a passionate believer in German supremacy and shared his Kaiser's dream of a continental empire. His contracts with the German Army kept it fighting even as the Western Front collapsed during the Allied "Hundred Days" offensive. When the war ended and the Treaty of Versailles forced Germany to give up arms production, Krupp AG secretly continued to build weapons for the postwar Weimar Republic its subsidiaries in Sweden produced artillery shells and a submarine pen in the Netherlands built "submersible fishing boats." In 1930, three years before the coming of Germany's great warmonger, Gustav ordered his Essen factories to start building the Tiger I tank in direct violation of the Treaty of Versailles. International agreements and foreign mandates could not stop the "Cannon King" heir's work.


Gustav Krupp - History

Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach, Bertha Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach

Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach (August 7, 1870 - January 16, 1950), Bertha Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach (March 29, 1886 - September 21, 1957)

Gustav von Bohlen und Halbach, the fifth son of seven children of Gustav (1831 - 1890) and Sophie (1837 - 1915) von Bohlen und Halbach, attends grammar school in Karlsruhe before studying law and politics. After gaining his doctorate in 1893 he joins the Baden civil service, moving to the Foreign Office in Berlin in 1897. In 1899 he is appointed diplomatic secretary to the embassy first in Washington and then in Peking. In 1904 he is summoned to the Prussian legation in the Vatican and it is in Rome that he first meets Bertha Krupp.

Bertha Krupp, the elder daughter of Friedrich Alfred Krupp (1854 - 1902) and Margarethe Krupp (1854 - 1931), initially receives private tuition together with her sister Barbara (1887 - 1972) at Villa Hügel. The sisters then attend a housekeeping school for young ladies in Baden-Baden. After the death of her father in 1902 Bertha Krupp becomes the owner of the company, which from 1903 becomes a stock corporation but continues to be family-owned. Since Bertha Krupp is still a minor, her mother, Margarethe Krupp, exercises her rights as owner. In 1906 Bertha Krupp marries the counselor of legation Gustav von Bohlen und Halbach, who is granted the right by royal Prussian decree to bear the name Krupp as a prefix to his own family surname. The couple have six sons and two daughters: Alfried (1907 - 1967), Arnold (1908 - 1909), Claus (1910 - 1940), Irmgard (1912 - 1998), Berthold (1913 - 1987), Harald (1916 - 1983), Waldtraut (1920 - 2005) and Eckbert (1922 - 1945).

Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach is appointed to the supervisory board of Fried. Krupp AG at the end of 1906 and acts as its chairman from 1909 to the end of 1943. In this period the economic development and product range of the Krupp Group are greatly influenced by the general political events: the expansion of the munitions business in World War I, the change in production as a result of the Treaty of Versailles, the financial crisis of the company in 1924/25 and its involvement in the national socialist autarchy and armaments policy with a further change of production. Major new products in this period are the stainless acid-resistant steels developed at Krupp (NIROSTA, V2A), the WIDIA engineering materials used in particular for tools, as well as locomotives and motor vehicles. The number of employees in the Group fluctuates strongly: between 168,000 at the end of World War I, 30,300 in the Great Depression in 1932 and 243,300 in 1943.

Gustav and Bertha Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach are deeply committed to the social tradition of the company. The company benefits, in particular the building of workers' housing estates, are continued. A foundation is set up for domestic health care. Convalescent homes are available for sick employees and their families, as well as a dental clinic. After the early death of their second son, the Arnoldhaus maternity clinic is founded. The tradition of Krupp family members paying visits to long-standing employees on special occasions, e.g. golden weddings, is continued.

Bertha and Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach, 1927

The Krupp family von Bohlen und Halbach, 1931

Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach makes an impact beyond the bounds of the company - thanks no doubt in part to his former diplomatic activities. In 1921 he is appointed Prussian state councilor, in 1924 president of the supervisory board of the Bank für Deutsche Industrieobligationen - a bank established to handle the reparations - and from 1934 onwards he serves on the management board of the imperial rail company Reichsbahngesellschaft. From the establishment of the scientific institute Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Wissenschaften (today Max-Planck-Gesellschaft) he is closely involved in its development, first as its senator and then as first vice president. Together with his wife he fosters the work of the German museum of natural science and technology in Munich. In 1931 he becomes president of the imperial association of German industry and in 1933 reorganizes it according to new principles of leadership. In 1934 he resigns from this office. Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach did not actively support Hitler or the NSDAP before 1933. However, when Hitler is elected chancellor he speaks out in favor of the existing state, out of a sense of loyalty to his country. Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach only becomes a member of the NSDAP in 1940 when Adolf Hitler presents him with the golden badge of honor of the NSDAP on his 70th birthday.

At the end of 1943 Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach resigns as chairman of the supervisory board of Fried. Krupp AG. His oldest son Alfried becomes sole owner when the company is converted into a sole proprietorship. In 1945 Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach stands trial before the international court of law in Nuremberg in the trial against major war criminals. However, following a car accident in December 1944 and several strokes he is no longer fit to stand trial. For many years Bertha Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach - together with a nurse - takes care of her invalid husband in a small building next to the Blünbach residence where they lived from the summer of 1944 and which has been confiscated by the Allies. After the death of her husband in 1950 Bertha Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach returns to Essen to witness the resurgence of the company. Although Villa Hügel is no longer the family home, after the departure of the Allies it once again becomes a representative meeting place for the company, where Alfried and Bertha Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach receive guests from all over the world.


Public Appeal to Ursula Gather- Alfried Krupp Foundation in Essen

It is both disappointing and frustrating learning today that Ursula Gather, head of the Alfried Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach Foundation in Essen, is apparently neither a diplomat nor a true leader. Why I say this is because I was dumfounded when I sent her a personal email this morning bringing my Change.org petition to her attention and extending an olive branch for an open, honest dialog on opening her archives in the investigation into the unrecorded banishment of my great-grandmother.

I received a delivery failure notice. Strange, I thought, that the Alfried Krupp Foundation would discontinue their use of this public email address. I had spelled it correctly. I attempted to send it from a second email address but received the same result- A failure notice. Being resourceful, I emailed them using a third email account I had never used previously. Success. No delivery failure notice. It took no longer than a couple seconds to understand what had happened- my emails were being blocked.

Her actions tell me two things: She underestimates my will and secondly that she prefers to go around problems instead of challenging them head-on. Does she take the same approach in regards to business matters for the foundation she manages? Let’s hope not. Leaders do not go around challenges they take them on, full steam, head-on. Let me say now that it is not my intention to underestimate Ms. Gather or go around her.

If I must communicate with her publically, here on my blog, so be it. Unfortunately, it appears this may be the only way until she decides that private matters should remain in private emails.
————

As you may already know, a petition on Change.org and a Facebook ad campaign is underway throughout Germany to permit the unfettered access to additional photographs, records and documents relating to the unrecorded banishment of my great-grandmother, Engelbertha Krupp Stroebele.

I am sending this invitation to you so that we may have a productive, honest and fruitful dialog on permitting access to your archive in the hopes that additional evidence on the life of my great-grandmother can be uncovered.

This is a golden opportunity for us to work shoulder-to-shoulder and do the right thing for her and for the Alfried Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach Foundation. If you have any concerns, now would be the right time to address them. I thank you for taking time out of your busy schedule to address this petition.



Comentários:

  1. Garnet

    não pode ser

  2. Majas

    na moda você =)))))

  3. Amadeo

    Eu imploro seu perdão que eu o interrompo, há uma proposta para seguir outro caminho.

  4. Stuart

    it seems to me, you are wrong



Escreve uma mensagem